Special features

Chamber Research Report on Progress on Ownership

CHAMBER OF MINES CALCULATES BROAD BASED HDSA OWNERSHIP OF 38% and MEANINGFUL ECONOMIC VALUE TRANSFER OF >R159 BN

The Chamber of Mines (Chamber) and its members, release findings of a comprehensive report which demonstrates the meaningful economic participation of HDSAs in the South African mining industry as per the ownership element of the Mining Charter. It is an aggregation of company information based on DMR submissions as at 31 December 2014. Given the significance of this milestone which sets the 26% HDSA ownership target, the Chamber has engaged the services of industry experts SizweNtsalubaGobodo (SNG) auditing firm and Rand Merchant Bank (RMB) corporate finance. The analysis represents the majority of the Chamber membership and also captures a significant portion of the South African mining industry (80% – 90% based on BEE transactions, value and volumes).

Although it is a calculation at end 2014, the analysis has captured the ownership compliance in relation to asset level mining rights’ compliance over the last 12 years. The results below demonstrate that the industry has met and exceeded the ownership target of 26% HDSA by 2014 and has transferred significant value to HDSAs despite the significant challenges posed by the 2008 World Financial Crisis and the subsequent bear market for commodities. In addition, meaningful economic participation of HDSAs has occurred with a broad based identifiable beneficiaries and cash flowing to HDSA beneficiaries. This demonstrates the industry’s commitment to transformation and the spirit of the Mining Charter. The highlights are:

  • Since the commencement of the process of transformation in the mining industry, meaningful economic empowerment participation by HDSA has been 38% on average, based on the Chamber of Mines collation. This is above the Mining Charter 26% HDSA ownership target by 2014.
  • The various sectors of the South African mining industry have similarly all met or exceeded the HDSA ownership targets – PGM at 38.0%, Gold at 27.3%, Coal at 47.2%, Diamonds at 26.0%, Iron Ore at 35.7%, Manganese Ore at 42.2% and Chrome at 35.1%.
  • The composition of identifiable HDSA beneficiaries in the industry that has benefited through ownership, both directly and indirectly, is 63% BEE entrepreneurs (46 BEE companies), 22% communities (6.9 million HDSAs) and 15% employees (210 thousand HDSAs).

The DMR’s interpretation of the Charter is that the definition of meaningful economic participation has to include all three beneficiary categories to be compliant (this interpretation is not shared by the Chamber). Based on the company information we have received, we found that the proportion of companies that have all three categories present, i.e. BEE entrepreneurs, communities and ESOPs in their HDSA empowerment structures represent a minimum of 41% of the SA Mining Industry.

Over the 12 year period, dividends of a minimum of R47 billion were paid to HDSA beneficiaries, representing 19.6% of the total ‘company’ dividends paid over the period. This is in line with the staged HDSA ownership target from 15% by 2009 to 26% by 2014 and fairly represents the average over the period. It also does not take into account profit from asset sales over the period and should be considered against a background where many shareholders during the period did not receive dividends.

BEE transactions with an initial value of R116 billion were implemented over the period. These transactions created net value of around R159 billion (+207%) over the same period. The net value (after deducting debt from the asset values) created for HDSA controlled entities represented 26% of the value (EBITDA multiple basis) of the entire industry at December 2014.

However, based on a through-the-cycle low and high valuation of assets, the net value created represents between R155bn (+200%) and R282bn (+444%) or 25% to 46% of the entire industry value (EBITDA multiple basis), respectively.

These results have been achieved by the industry, despite the fact that measurement is occurring at a low point in the commodities cycle. Key lessons learnt include:

  • Market volatility has impacted value creation. Underlying funding structures depended on rising commodity prices to result in value creation for beneficiaries.
  • Lock-in provisions have prevented beneficiaries from unlocking value created during the peak of the cycle. Lack of diversification is an inherent risk in BEE transactions.
  • Facilitation important in ensuring sustainable transaction e.g. vendor funding, free shares, minimum guaranteed cash flows. Implementing BEE transactions at the height of the commodities cycle resulted in unsustainable high debt levels.

Summarised HDSA ownership results

The South African Mining Industry
The industry has achieved BEE ownership of 37.7% (22.8% BEE entrepreneurs, 10.8% communities and 4.2% ESOPs) weighted based on value of the assets. The ownership structure has benefited 60% BEE entrepreneurs, 29% communities and 11% ESOPs, and an estimated 7 million individuals. In terms of volumes weighting (Production and revenue), the industry has achieved BEE ownership level of 38.8% (24.3% BEE entrepreneurs, 9.1% communities and 5.4% ESOPs). The ownership has benefited 63% BEE entrepreneurs, 22% communities and 15% ESOPs. The industry has created net value of between R 155 320 million and R 282 018 million representing a return of between 200% and 444%. In addition, most of the sectors have not only met but also exceeded the 26% minimum compliance requirement.
PGM
The PGM sector has achieved BEE ownership of 39.5% (19.5% BEE entrepreneurs, 18.0% communities and 2.0% ESOPs) weighted based on value. The ownership structure has benefited 49% BEE entrepreneurs, 46% communities and 5% ESOPs, and an estimated 2 774 493 individuals. In terms of volumes weighted, the industry has achieved a BEE ownership of 38.0% (19.8% BEE entrepreneurs, 15.5% communities and 2.6% ESOPs). The ownership structure has benefited 52% BEE entrepreneurs, 41% communities and 7% ESOPs. The PGM sector has a total net value of between R 43 442 million and R 65 987 million representing a change of between 109% and 212%.
Gold
The Gold sector has achieved BEE ownership of 28.8% (18.6% BEE entrepreneurs, 0.9% communities and 9.2% ESOPs) weighted based on value. The ownership structure has benefited 65% BEE entrepreneurs, 3% communities and 32% ESOPs, and an estimated 135 109 individuals. In terms of volumes weighted, the industry has achieved a BEE ownership of 27.3% (18.3% BEE entrepreneurs, 1.6% communities and 7.5% ESOPs). The ownership structure has benefited 67% BEE entrepreneurs, 6% communities and 27% ESOPs. The Gold sector has a net value of between R 7 182 million and R 32 267 million representing a change of between -31% and 209%.
Coal
The Coal sector has achieved BEE ownership of 43.9% (32.0% BEE entrepreneurs, 5.3% communities and 6.3% ESOPs) weighted based on value. The ownership structure has benefited 74% BEE entrepreneurs, 12% communities and 14% ESOPs, and an estimated 1 753 087 individuals. In terms of volumes weighted, the industry has achieved a BEE ownership of 47.2% (32.0% BEE entrepreneurs, 6.2% communities and 9.0% ESOPs). The ownership structure has benefited 68% BEE entrepreneurs, 13% communities and 19% ESOPs. The Coal sector has a net value of between R24 000 million and R 49 512 million representing a change of between 189% and 497%.
Diamonds
The Diamond sector has achieved BEE ownership of 26.0% (4.4% BEE entrepreneurs, 11.6% communities and 10.0% ESOPs) weighted based on value. The ownership structure has benefited 17% BEE entrepreneurs, 45% communities and 38% ESOPs, and an estimated 114 653 individuals. In terms of volume weighted, the industry has achieved a BEE ownership of 26.0% (5.1% BEE entrepreneurs, 10.2% communities and 10.7% ESOPs). The ownership structure has benefited 20% BEE entrepreneurs, 39% communities and 41% ESOPs. The Diamond sector has a net value of between R 616 million and R 5 290 million representing a change of between -56% and 282%.
Iron ore
The Iron Ore sector has achieved BEE ownership of 38.2% (24.0% BEE entrepreneurs, 12.0% communities and 2.2% ESOPs) weighted based on value. The ownership structure has benefited 63% BEE entrepreneurs, 31% communities and 6% ESOPs, and an estimated 1 482 163 individuals. In terms of volume weighted, the industry has achieved a BEE ownership of 35.7% (22.9% BEE entrepreneurs, 10.3% communities and 2.5% ESOPs). The ownership structure has benefited 64% BEE entrepreneurs, 29% communities and 7% ESOPs. The Iron Ore sector has a net value of between R 53 220 million and R 115 330 million representing a change of between 433% and 1054%.
Manganese ore
The Manganese Ore sector has achieved BEE ownership of 50.1% (33.3% BEE Entrepreneurs, 16.3% Communities and 0.0% ESOPs) weighted based on value. The ownership structure has benefited 67% BEE entrepreneurs, 33% communities and 0% ESOPs, and an estimated 411 512 individuals. In terms of volume weighted, the industry has achieved a BEE ownership of 42.2% (31.2% BEE entrepreneurs, 11.0% communities and 0.0% ESOPs). The ownership structure has benefited 74% BEE entrepreneurs, 26% communities and 0% ESOPs. The Manganese Ore sector has a net value of between R -436 million and R 8 389 million representing a change of between -100% and 100%.
Chrome
The Chrome sector has achieved BEE ownership of 28.1% (15.9% BEE entrepreneurs, 7.0% communities and 5.2% ESOPs) weighted based on value. The ownership structure has benefited 57% BEE entrepreneurs, 25% communities and 18% ESOPs and an estimated 454 594 individuals. In terms of volume weighted, the industry has achieved a BEE ownership of 35.1% (20.3% BEE entrepreneurs, 10.6% communities and 4.2% ESOPs). The ownership structure has benefited 58% BEE entrepreneurs, 30% communities and 12% ESOPs. The Chrome sector has a net value of between R 1 824 million and R 5 242 million representing a change of between 204% and 774%.

Full 2015 progress report ​Comparison of COM - DMR transformation numbers Press release: Migdett Meeting and Mining Charter